"The Future of" and Various Papers

The Future of Microsoft Operating Systems

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Abstract
            This paper will discuss the numerous areas that are involved in Microsoft’s operating system of the future. It will first explain the current state of Microsoft’s operating systems such as Windows 7 and 10, as well as the popularity of each system. It will then explain how and why a flexible and intelligent operating system is required for the next generation of technology. Artificial intelligence will be explained, as well as its use in this next-generation operating system. Cloud computing is going to be a significant influence on the operating system, and Microsoft Azure is set to provide us with the Cloud capabilities that will be desired. With voice recognition and touchscreen functionality, operating these systems will become more straightforward and comprehensive. As the Internet of Things (IoT) grows, these devices will need to be interconnected together and offer seamless scalability. Due to this growing number of Internet-connected devices, the security of future operating systems must expand and adapt as well. Finally, the Windows 10 Fall Creators update is Microsoft’s newest addition to their current operating systems and is an excellent indication of the wonders that Microsoft has for its users in the coming years.
This term paper will discuss the future of Microsoft operating systems. It will cover how Windows will address creating operating systems of the next generation. Some aspects that such an operating system will need are voice recognition, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, artificial and augmented reality functionality, and multi-platform connectivity. They must also be extremely flexible and be able to scale quickly to match infrastructure size changes. As technology increases every day, more tools are added to operating systems such as electronic wallets, smartwatch connectivity, and live video chat. Security of these operating systems must advance as well to combat the always rising threat of malicious items and hackers. Simplicity will need to be a key area of operating systems as well. Users must be able to efficiently operate their systems with the help of automatic updates and comprehensive security. These operating systems must be smart, able to learn their user’s habits and keep up with the growing number of changes the future holds. While the future of technology holds many exciting advancements, only through an equally amazing operating system will we be able to experience it all? With this paper, the operating systems of the future will be explained in detail to ensure that the reader has a solid understanding of how operating systems will change in the coming years. This is important to know as IT professionals must always be a step ahead of emerging technologies.
Currently, operating systems such as Windows 10 provides us with many helpful features that didn’t exist in older versions. As technology rises, so does the requirement for an operating system that fulfills the desires of its users. Windows 7, although an older version, is used most with a staggering 47.21% of total operating system usage per Loknath Das from Violence Media. While Windows 10 is the newest version of Microsoft’s operating system, it is used by only 29.09% of the population (Das, 2017). Although Windows 7 is more widely used, Windows 10 has numerous new features that make it wonderful and ideal for seeing us into the next generation of technology.
 One of the most obvious changes is the revised Start menu which is returned to the lower-left-hand corner of the desktop and combines a mixture of the Metro Start screen’s functionality and Windows 8-style apps. Cortana, Microsoft’s intelligent and friendly digital assistant, can aid the user in a variety of functions and can even be voice controlled. While this is miles away from the artificial intelligence that will come, it is a definite step in the right direction. Inter-connectivity is an area that will be discussed frequently in this paper as the future of technology needs to be able to inter-connected into one seamless network. Microsoft 10 has started this process by introducing the Xbox app which syncs a computer with an Xbox One. This feature allows painless streaming, achievement tracking, as well as being able to play Xbox One games on your Windows PC. Windows 10 provides the basis of what is to come as technology evolves, as well as our hunger for faster and more intelligent operating systems.
Intelligence is the most critical aspects of the future of Microsoft’s operating systems. While Cortana gives us a glimpse of what this will look like, it fails in comparison of what can and will be. Microsoft believes that artificial intelligence will be the key to the new era of technology and innovation. Microsoft’s Ventures, a program created to invest and acquire startup companies in the fields of artificial intelligence, cloud infrastructure, and security, have added 2 significant additions to Microsoft’s portfolio. Agolo and Bonsai both focus on using the power of artificial intelligence to transform the world. Agolo, a New York company, develops some of the worlds most advanced summarization software. This company’s artificial intelligence can analyze and produce thousands of documents in real time, all while providing a detailed analysis of the information. Bonsai, based in Berkeley, California, automates businesses which deal with the advanced and complex automation of machine learning algorithms. One of Bonsai’s main aspects is to democratize artificial intelligence. Both companies will be a major influence in Microsoft’s operating system of the future.
Artificial intelligence is key to developing a seamless and intelligent operating system. The world desires a smart operating system which can learn the habits of its users and adapt to new security concerns. Voice recognition is a very popular aspect of today’s operating systems and wireless devices as Microsoft’s Cortana, Google’s Home, and Amazon’s Alexa, provide their users with the added functionality and ease of use by allowing their users to control and access information and applications with a simple voice command. As this technology increases and gains popularity, the requirement for a keyboard and a mouse will decrease. Touch screens as well will give us the ability to navigate operating systems with ease, and Windows 10 already makes this simpler by introducing enhanced touchpad options; especially for Windows-enabled Tablet PC’s. With the artificial intelligence of future operating systems, the computer will know what you wish to do with it before you even have the chance to tell it to do something. With a program that learns with you, the operating system can interpret your desires using saved information such as the time of day of use, frequently access applications, and can even use facial recognition to see what mood you are in. All of this is achievable with a smart and flexible operating system, and Microsoft plans on using artificial intelligence to see us all to that point.
Cloud computing is a rising star in the tech world, and the future of Microsoft’s operating systems depend on it for the increased agility and faster innovation it provides. Hybrid clouds are essential to the future as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT) evolves. Microsoft Azure has always been hybrid by design, and the introduction of Azure Stack is a major step forward. Stack enables the continuous development of Cloud applications as well as increases the flexibility for Cloud deployments regardless of the environment; whether it is on the cloud, edge, or on-premises. Hybrid Clouds are needed for the future due to their ability to allow customers to seamlessly control and implement Cloud computing as technology or their own network grows or changes shape. As the IoT grows, these devices must be able to be connected to one another and do so intelligently and securely. A significant development in this area is the general availability of SQL Server 2017 on October 2, 2017. SQL Server 2017 uses Red Hat Enterprise Linux to further extend the capabilities of SQL Server in the areas of performance, security features, reliability, and manageability.
The future of Microsoft’s operating systems cannot be discussed without mentioning security. Every day, new forms of viruses, malware, and hacks make the news. Equifax is currently under a tremendous amount of heat as they just recently suffered from a major data breach. Microsoft is aware of these emerging threats and is already in the works to help reduce these problems. Microsoft Azure’s new Azure AD Admin Center was released in May of 2017 and serves as the future for the administration of Azure. Azure AD Admin Center is very helpful as it is a single place that one can manage and access information regarding your organization and allows feedback and discussions of how to make changes to help secure Azure. Azure’s information protection is continuously updated with new methods to control and secure the sensitive data used in Cloud computing.
Per Microsoft’s report, “Cyberspace 2025: Today’s Decisions, Tomorrow’s Terrain”, “By 2025, more than 91 percent of people in developed countries and nearly 69 percent of those in emerging economies will be using the Internet” (Kleiner, 2014). This surge of Internet-connected devices will only further the risk of malicious content and attacks. To help combat this growing threat, Window’s suggests that realizing and addressing this growth of the IoT and resource needs, as well as preparing workforces with the skills needed to protect it all, is imperative. The operating system of the future must be intelligent and easy to use. Protecting against malicious attacks and items comes down to enhanced software and hardware, automatic updates, and smart artificial intelligence which can preemptively seek, identify and neutralize threats before any damage is done.
Microsoft’s Windows 10 Fall Creators Update listened to Microsoft users to advance the quality and security of Windows 10 and was released October 17, 2017. This next-generation update is loaded with new features and hardware which will be the basis of operating systems of the future. Windows is diving head first into the realm of Mixed Reality headsets with the introduction of “6 degrees of freedom” (6DOF) Mixed Reality motion controllers. Many companies are introducing Windows-based Mixed Reality Headsets such as Lenovo, Dell, and Asus. One fantastic feature of this technology is that it does not require external base stations. With the new Mixed Reality Viewer, users can view mixed-reality images on their computer even without using a headset. This is accomplished by using a webcam to merge digital objects with the real world. The Fall Creators update also provides powerful ransomware protection in the form of controlled folder access. When unauthorized software attempts to access protected folders, they will be blocked, and the user will be notified. Another helpful feature is the new power user tool which allows a user to shift files back and forth from their phone to computer. This advancement will be a basis for the inter-connectivity of the IoT of the future as new Internet-connected devices such as wearable technology is introduced.
The future of Microsoft operating systems is already on route to becoming as technologically advanced as we all thought it would be when we were kids. Artificial intelligence will evolve to the point where our computer knows what we are thinking, how we are feeling, and more importantly how it can improve, all on its own. With technologies such as voice recognition and touchscreen technology, Windows is steadily making the standard keyboard and mouse input format obsolete, which increases the usability and flexibility of future operating systems. Cloud computing is currently revolutionizing the way we do things on a computer, and this will not stop in the future. Eventually, not having Cloud computing capabilities will be as rare as not having normal Internet connectivity. By adopting and transforming the way Windows uses Cloud computing with Microsoft Azure, our information can be accessed from anywhere, anytime, and do so securely. With the changes to Windows 10 allowing the ability to sync with an Xbox One, we can already see how inter-connected the networks of the future will be. Security concerns, an always present threat, will be fought with Microsoft’s entire force by introducing new flexible and intelligent malware and virus identification and neutralization. The Window’s Fall Creators Update for Windows 10 offers us a glimpse into the future of Microsoft’s operating systems with the fascinating new features such as mixed reality and cross-platform connectivity. It is safe to say that the future of Microsoft’s operating systems looks promising and bright as it carries us into the next generation of technology.
References
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Nield, David. O’Malley, James. (2016). Android in 2020: how much could Google’s OS change? Retrieved from http://www.techradar.com/news/software/operating-systems/android-in-2020-the-future-of-google-s-mobile-os-explored-1168141.
 
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Kashyap, Nagraj. (2017). Investing in AI, an Investment in the Future. Retrieved from https://microsoftventures.com/2017/05/03/investing-ai-investment-future/.
 
Chirapurath, John. (2017). SQL Server 2017 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux offer. Retrieved from https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/dataplatforminsider/2017/09/25/sql-server-2017-and-red-hat-enterprise-linux-offer/.
 
 
Burt, David. Kleiner, Aaron. Nicholas, J. Paul. Sullivan, Kevin. (2014). Cyberspace 2025: Today’s decisions, Tomorrow’s Terrain. Retrieved from https://cloudblogs.microsoft.com/microsoftsecure/2014/06/02/cyberspace-2025-todays-decisions-tomorrows-terrain/.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 
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